Liquidity of Indian startups compared to US & Israel
by Thiyagarajan Maruthavanan (Rajan)
[original post 3 Apr 2017, migrated from Ubedge.com]
Recently was having a conversation with a Private Equity friend and was trying to explain the challenge that has captured my imagination and full attention, ie exits for software product startups in India. He felt that the data about the exit structural deficit that I was trying to point out felt too bearish to be true. My counter argument was that my intent is not to sound bearish but instead be a realist, after all acknowledgement of a problem is first step to solving one. Post that conversation I thought should put this data out publicly so that through crowdsourcing can at the very least improve my understanding if it is off by wide margins.
VC vs Exit for US, Israel & India
VC vs Exit, deep dive on India
VC Software Products in India (in $m)
Exit (i.e M&A) Software Product in India(in $m)
VC vs Exit, deep dive on Israel
VC Software Product in Israel (in $m)
Exit (i.e M&A) Software Product in Israel (in $m)
Above data indicates that Israel was able to generate 1.8X of the money that went in while in India in the same period only 0.2X. The right comparison is exits from 2012–2016 with VC investments from 2005–2009, iSPIRT report does that comparison but results are even less encouraging.
Exits follow a power law, however in India it seems like a power law’s power law.
Not only is the volume of exit is challenge but also the structure, any ecosystem exits follow a typical power law. For every $1 bn exit, there are ten $100m deal, for every $100m there are hundred $10m deals.
Top 7 deals in India account for ~$2.5b of the $4b in exit. About 250 of 391 deals total a deal volume of $97m which means the size of an acqui hire i.e in long tail is about 0.5m, which is inadequate even for an angel investor. Lack of many $10–100m deal means there is a missing middle of the long tail.